01 streiflichter from Germany (90 m) a. Munich: memorial service for siblings Scholl in the University meeting in the Auditorium, total. Professor Vossler holds (total) speech during the commemorations. Among the audience members of the dead and Prime Minister Dr. Hoegner sit, half close. Minister of culture Dr. Fendt unveiled memorial plaque with the names of the executed, half-close. A woman lays down flowers, half-close.
(19 m) b. British zone: chocolate for schoolchildren from stocks of army workers drive boxes. From trucks, crates are loaded and carried by schoolboys on the shoulder. A boy with the crate on the shoulder comes in the class. Children sit in school. Box will open. Children's faces, great. Teacher hands out chocolate. Kids eat chocolate, great.
(21 m) c. Berlin: paintings - exhibition of French painters swivel about facade of the Berlin Castle. Crew officers go through the exhibition. Different images, large: Henri de Waroquier: 'Chateau Chaumont', Paul Cézanne: the smoker, Renoir: 'Berthe Morisot and daughter' and 'Portrait of a young girl', Manet: 'Beer waitress in Reichshoffen'.
(27 m) d. Stuttgart: football between two German teams US trainer gives final instructions. Football players wear protective pads, great. Football game scenes, close to half and total. Audience.
(23 m) 02 bikini added mushroom cloud. Elevation of the target fleet submarine salvage ship. The submarine surfaced. Investigations on destroyers of the target fleet. Men feel the ships with Geiger counters.
(43 m) 03 late harvest on the Rhine vineyards with wine farmers at harvest, total. Women picking grapes and pour it into baskets, which are worn by men on the back. The men pour the grapes in large pan. The Drosselgasse in Rüdesheim, total. Road sign: "Drosselgasse". The fermentation barrels in the cellar. Experts at a wine tasting. You toast with glasses. Man drinking from a wine glass, great.
(40 m) 04 pictures from all over the world (93 m) a. Seoul: 1st anniversary of liberation from Japanese rule General Hodge, Oberkommandierer of the American armed forces, speaks to half-close. Koreans on a square with banners, totally.
(14 m) b. England: House construction prefabricated workers in the manufacturing and the assembling of standardized components for the construction of the House. Components are driven in trucks to the construction site. Prefabricated house depends on crane. Add together the components for the houses at the site. Man wears table in the House. Woman stands at the window. You brews up coffee. Man, woman and child sitting in front of stove.
(32 m) c. California: duck plague flocks of ducks. Man shoots gun at the edge of the field. Flocks of ducks fly out of the box. Aircraft flies over the field. Ducks fly high.
(16 m) d. Alaska: flyover landscape in Alaska. Cars drive over bridge. River. Fishing on the river. Men during road construction work. Check a vehicle on driving ability of control. Controller driver presented papers. Turnpike goes up. An old-fashioned Ford ride on the road.
(31 m) 5th refugees train arriving at the station, total. Refugee children see from freight wagons. Refugees go from the train station in a long train. The refugees go to a barracks with sign: "Investigative body". The refugees from Czechoslovakia to be registered. The refugees are disinfected with syringe. Kid goes with doll on the arm to the hand of the mother. Catering is issued by switch. Refugee food in wagons. Mother bends over to infant. Moving freight train. Discarded wagons as makeshift apartment. Man sawing wood, total. Refugee camp near Berchtesgaden. Wife's bed, Mrs klöppelt, women sew shoes. Children in the camp school. Small children in the kindergarten. Children riding rocking horse. Men at the joiners. Refugees with suitcases and bags go up stairs to makeshift homes.
01 streiflichter from Germany: a. Memorial of Scholl, Munich in the Aula of the University of Munich was unveiled a plaque to the memory of the victims of the Munich-based student revolt of February 1943. Professor Vossler gave a speech during the commemorations. Among those present were relatives of six dead and as a representative of the State Minister Dr. Högner.
Minister of culture Dr. Fendt unveiled the plaque, which bears the names of the Scholl siblings pair and the four other victims.
They were sentenced to death as a member of the student resistance movement in 1943 by the Volksgerichtshof and executed.
b. chocolate for schoolchildren from stocks of the British military Government is distributed to the malnourished schoolchildren of the English occupation zone chocolate.
Every two days the car brings this Sonderration for malnourished children of Hamburg. The little boy likes to pick the big boxes with the sweet content itself. Meanwhile the smaller wait, also their box will open.
Then there's chocolate for everyone, the medical findings of malnutrition to be entitled a half board. And so, every second day is a happy day in the classroom.
c. painting exhibition, Berlin In the Berlin Palace opened an exhibition of French painting in the last seventy years. 130 paintings by a hundred artists, including master of world renown, were issued.
The variety of themes and styles shows the significant and richtunggebenden share of France in the development of modern painting.
A picture of Henri de Waroquier "Castle Chaumont" Paul Cezanne "Smokers" two paintings by Renoir "Berthe Morisot and daughter" and "Portrait of a young girl".
A well-known work by E. Manet: "beer waitress in Reichshoffen".
But also the modern painters are represented by characteristic works - so that is a get to know with the reunion.
(d). Football, Stuttgart in Stuttgart, Germany two German teams show for the first time""American"football. The rules differ completely from those of the European fighting game.
The game is more similar to rugby.
Final instructions by the American coach.
The equipment of the player is equal to the hardness of the game.
It depends on, to bring the ball over as much as possible "fields" with foot, hand or body into the opposing goal area.
The man can be - attacked the ball sharply but other players who To want to protect him as running strongholds.
A game that requires endurance, hardness and temper - and that is why seems to be winning it here more and more followers.
02. bikini stoppage is the scientific evaluation of the Bikini atom bomb attempts in full swing.
Here, one of the American U boats sunken in bikini full of air is pumped and lifted. New float quickly brought the heavily damaged boat from 60 meters to the surface. The damage be drawn conclusions on the effect of Atomic breakage. In the dock of San Francisco looking at American destroyers, which were exposed to the nuclear explosions. All ship parts on radioactivity are tested with a special device, the so-called Geyger device.
One of the most dangerous effects of the nuclear explosion. Shells and Tang, who are stuck on the ship's hull, traces of radioactivity are found. The biggest experiment of all times, the atomic bomb test of bikini, brings new insights for science and research.
03. late harvest on the Rhine as see it out on the Rhine? In what state are the vineyards and vines? What about the German wine? A visit in Rüdesheim - still the "capital of the wine" is the answer.
The downtown is partly destroyed by military action, but the vineyards have been preserved. The old famous locations, such as: Rüdesheimer Bischofsberg, Berg Roseneck, Berg Customs House, will continue To give it.
Spätlese - the coronation of the busy wine year. 1946 qualitätsmässig a good wine year, remains but quantities below the average.
From the vineyard, placing the grapes in the grape mill. from there they are emptied into barrels of collective goods. The way to the cellar through the famous, romantic Drosselgasse Street. To win the most, which is bottled to the fermentation in large barrels in the cellar.
The most shall be obey'd out - through the fermentation process, the young wine literally knocks against the wall of the barrel.
The crowning glory of all trouble is the wine tasting by the professionals.
The German wine is virtually unaffected by the wars and to the romance of the Rhine belong as ever and ever his vines and his wine.
04. images from all over the world: a. year celebration, Korea in Seoul, which is capital of Korea, celebrated the anniversary of the one-year liberation from Japanese rule. General Hodge, the Commander of the American forces, speaks to 75,000 Koreans.
Korea was an independent Empire until 1910. Then, it was annexed by Japan. Since 1918, it was incorporated into the Japanese Empire.
After 35 years of Japanese dictatorship, Korea is again a free State.
c. Kanan, England House construction in an hour - a new British contribution to alleviating the housing shortage.
England's famous aircraft factory of Vickers manufactures now standardized small houses. There are more than makeshift shelters - namely comfortable small houses, their life expectancy is calculated on 30 years. To a large extent, the material is alloy. In four steps to create such a Kanan. The items are loaded, transported to the site and assembled in an hour.
Now the furniture... then the House is complete.
Four more former aircraft factories include the construction of this House soon.
(b). Duck plague, California instead of locusts or crows huge flocks of ducks in California threaten the harvest.
Like the sparrows, ducks just sit here on the fields and eat the grains of seed.
The farmers fight against these pests, which would be as welcome in us in the Pan, with all means available to them.
Even a plane was called in to help.
But it only temporarily bring them out from the rest, soon, the cloud of the greedy duck people puts back on the fields.
d. road in Alaska in Alaska released the two and a half thousand km long elevated across the country for civilian traffic.
During the war, the famous highway in the far North was reserved for exclusively military purposes.
One of the most beautiful natural areas in America now accessible again the trade, the transport and the rest if too remote. Anglers here To find a paradise of abundance and diversity. Special teams continually monitor condition and safety of the road, the construction of which cost over a hundred million dollars.
> Who wants to drive his own car, previously on the heart and kidneys, i.e., tyres and engine, check. Because tank and repair shops are few and far between in this majestic solitude.
This man is careful - he grabs up A few spare tires and a bag of new engine parts is, so that two opposites is again once well tolerated: the oldest Ford on the latest highway.
05. one problem of this time: The refugees one of the most tragic repercussions of war and Hitler politics is the problem of refugees. Like leaves in the wind, drive them across the country or back in crowded columns across roads and railways, in the search for a new home. A number indicates the enormity of this task: approximately 14 million Germans lost by the events of recent years resident. For most, the resettlement is like today for the next future - that all dominant question of survival.
Daily trains arrive with refugees in all zones of Germany. People of all ages, every layer of society, every profession.
Here, refugees who were expelled from Czechoslovakia, are registered at border crossings in the American zone. Then, medical examination and disinfection takes place. A network of food stations ensures the food during the journey. On the map, the destination and the presumptive new residence is studied. He will determine her future life. But for now, the small space is still single asylum, rolling home in the middle of the wagon.
The millions of refugees in all Gauen and zones of Germany now pay with their fate for the effects of Nazi power politics. Some families obtain makeshift accommodations upon arrival, however, most are housed in refugee camps. Here such a camp at Berchtesgaden. Although this space for 17 people must serve as bedrooms, living and work opportunity, Right away new activity and bustle unfolds.
The old folk art of home is once again work and bread. In this camp on a cooperative basis, the refugees are employed whenever possible in their previous careers. While these women here sewing gloves, woollen knit or death, are the children in the camp school. Her old teacher, which they brought from home, she teaches here. The nursery provides the smallest. You know nothing of serious of time, from the worries of their parents, of the uncertainty of their own destiny.
When the craftsmen like everywhere lacking raw materials. Anyway, nice and useful things come out of old boxes and other material. And while the earlier comers settle in and work, come again and again new refugees in the camp, which will be only a stopover before the new and final home.
The refugees are mostly useful workforce, capable minds, good neighbors - a knowledge that is necessary to the solution of one of the most serious problems of this time.
01. German spotlights
a. Scholl memorial, Munich
In the hall of Munich University a tablet was unveiled in commemoration of the victims of the Munich students' revolt in February 1943.
Among the audience the relatives of the 6 victims and, as representative of the State, Minister President Dr. Högner.
Minister for Education Dr. Fendt unveils the tablet, which bears the names of the Scholls, brother and sister, and the four other victims.
As members of the students' resistance movement they were sentenced to death in 1943 by the People's Court and executed.
b. Chocolate for school-youth
Chocolate from stocks of British Military Government is distributed among the undernourished school-children of the British Zone.
Every other day the car brings this special ration for undernourished Hamburg children. The boys gladly volunteer to collect the cases with the sweet contents.
Meanwhile the smaller ones wait till their case is opened, too.
Then, half a bar of chocolate goes to each one who, according to the medical malnutrition report, is eligible for it.
Thus, every other day becomes a day of joy in the classroom.
c. Exhibition of pictures, Berlin
In Berlin Palace an exhibition of French paintings of the last seventy years was opened.
One hundred artists, among them masters of worldwide reputation, display 130 paintings.
The variety of themes, styles and compositions demonstrates France's important share in the development of modern painting.
A picture by Henri de Waroquier "Chaumont Castle" Paul Cézanne "The Smoker"
Two pictures by Renoir "Berthe Morisot and her Daughter" and "Portrait of a Young Girl".
Edouard Manet's well-known picture "Waitress at Reichshofen"
But also modern painters are represented by characteristic works. Thus, one not only meets old friend, but makes new and interesting acquaintances.
In Stuttgart two German teams demonstrate for the fist time American football. The rules are quite different from the European ones of this game - which is somewhat similar to Rugby.
Last instructions of the American coach.
The equipment, more like an armour, is in line with the toughness of the game.
One has to get the ball into the opponent's goal area using hand, foot or body.
The man who carries the ball may be tackled likewise the other players who protect him like running bulwarks.
A game which demands toughness, stamina and speed - und that is why it seems to gain increasing popularity here, too.
02. Bikini aftermath
The scientific evaluation of the Bikini atomic bomb tests is in full swing.
One of the American submarines, sunk at Bikini, is filled with air and salvaged.
Modern floating devices lift the heavily damaged craft rapidly to the surface from a depth of 60 metres.
From the damage the effects of atomic destruction are assessed.
In San Francisco dock, American destroyers, which were exposed to the atomic explosions, are examined.
With the Geiger counter all traces of radio activity are checked.
Seaweed and shells, on the hull are removed and examined. They, too, show traces of radio-activity.
The world's biggest experiment, the atomic bomb tests of Bikini present a wealth of new material to science and research.
03. Vintage on the Rhine
What is new on the Rhine? How are the viny [...] and vines? What about German wine production nowadays? A visit to Rüdesheim - still the "capital of wine" gives the answer.
Part of the centre is destroyed by war but the vinyards remained undamaged. The old and famous brands as: Rüdesheimer Bischofsberg, Berg Roseneck, Berg Zollhaus, are and will be still available.
The autumn harvest is the grand finale of a busy year of work. 1946 is a good vintage as to quality. though the quantity is below average.
From the vinyards the grapes are carried to the grapemill and there they are packed into the barrels of the collecting-car. En route to the cellars through the famous, romantic Drosselgasse.
Here the juice is squeezed from the grapes and poured into big barrels for fermentation.
The new-wine is watched - owing to the process of fermantation the young wine literally knocks against the wall of the barrel.
Climax of the whole process is the wine-test, where experts give their opinion as to purity. maturity and flavour of the new wine.
German vine culture remained unimpaired by the war and now as before vinyrads and wine form part of the romanticism of the Rhine.
04. Flashes from all over the world
a. Anniversary, Korea
In Soul, capital of Korea, the anniversary of the liberation from Japanese domination is celebrated. General John R. Hodge, Supreme Commander of American Forces, addresses 75.000 Koreans.
Up to 1910, Korea was an independent state, then it was annexed by Japan. Since 1918 it was incorporated into the Japanese Empire.
After 35 years of Japanese dictatorship Korea is now again an independent state.
b. Housebuilding, England
Housebuilding in an hour - is a new English contribution to the relief of the housing shortage.
England's well-known Vickers airplane plant now makes prefabricated standard houses.
They are not just emergency houses rather small cosy homes, whose life is calculated to last about 30 years. Part of the building material is aluminum and light metal.
The house is built in four processes of work: the various parts are transported to the lot and assembled within one hour. Now the furniture ... und there is the house that Vickers built.
Before long four other former aircraft plants will start on the production of these houses.
c. Duck-plague, California
Instead of locusts or crows enormous swarms of ducks threaten the crop in California.
Like sparrows, ducks settle on the fields and eat the grains of the seed.
Farmers fight by all means available these parasites, which would be so highly welcome in our frying pans.
Even an airplane is summoned. But it troubles themonly temporarily. Then the cloud of voracious ducks settles again on the fields.
d. Alaska Highway
In Alaska the 2.500 kilometre cross country highway has been returned to civil traffic.
During the war this famous highway in the far north was reserved for military purposes exclusively. Now one of most picturesque though remotest beauty spots is again open for trade, traffic and recreation.
Anglers find here a paradise of plenty and variety. Special road gangs permanently survey the condition of the road, the construction of which cost more than a hundred million dollars.
The prospective sightseer has to have his tires and engine carefully checked before the trip. For there are only occasional gas and repair stations in this majestic solitude.
This is a cautious driver - he takes plenty of spare tires and a bag, with new parts long, so that two extremes may once again unite: The oldest Ford on the most modern highway.
05. The problem of the refugees
One the most tragic consequences of the war and Hitlers policy is the problem of the refugees. Like leaves in the wind they are swept through the country or travel the roads and railway tracks in crowded columns, in search of a new home.
One figure demonstrates the enormous scope of this problem: app. 14 million people lost their home as a result of the events of the last years. For most of them the question of their resettlement is - now and for the time being - a matter of life importance.
Every day, trains with refugees arrive in all zones of Germany - people of every age, class and profession. Here, refugees who were expelled from Czechoslovakia are registered and disinfected after crossing the American Zone border.
A net of supply stations furnish food for the travelers.
On the map the destination and prospective new location of their home is studied. It will dtermine their whole future life.
Bur for the moment the small space in the centre of the car is their only asylum, their rolling home.
Some families prefer to move into improvised accomodation after their arrival, but most of then are housed in refugee camps, like this one at Berchtesgaden.
Though this room has to serve 17 persons as bed-, sitting- and work-room, new activity and industry is quickly resumed.
The home country's old folk art provides here, too, work and bread. The inmates of the camp work on a cooperative basis, and as far as possible in their former vocations.
While these women sew gloves, knit woolies or make laces, the children are in the camp school. Their old teacher, whom they brought with them from their home-country, teaches them also here. The kindergarten takes care of the little ones. They don't know anything of the seriousness of today, of the worries of their parents, of the uncertainty of their own fate.
As everywhere the craftsmen are short of raw materials, but nevertheless pretty and useful things are made from old cases and other material.
While the early arrivals gradually settle down, new refugees keep on arriving in the camp, which, however, is only a stop-over before settling in their new and permanent homes.
The millions of refugees in all districts and zones of Germany now pay with their fate the penalty for the effects of National Socialist power politics.
Many of them are useful workers, capable brains, good neighbours. To recognize this is necessary for the solution of one of the most serious problems of to-day.
Persons in the Film
Fendt ; Hodge ; Hoegner ; Vossler
Stuttgart ; Bikini ; Berlin ; Alaska ; England ; Hamburg ; New York ; Rhine ; Munich ; Seoul ; British zone ; California ; Rüdesheim
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Railways ; Misery ; Higher education ; Children ; photojournalist ; fishing ; Refugees ; Football ; Pests and pest control ; Shipping ; Schools, training ; sports audience, sports spectator ; Cities ; Animals (except dogs) ; Catamaran ; Buildings ; Art ; Works of art ; Landscapes ; Transport: General ; Wine ; Welfare, aid agencies, care ; Home ; Astrology ; Exhibitions ; construction ; Gastronomy ; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays ; Football ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator